In the continuation of the column on kitchen countertops, we continue to delight you with articles, this issue is dedicated to porcelain countertops:
– Laminam porcelain tile
– Dekton porcelain tiles
You will learn all about these materials, what are the pros and cons of porcelain stoneware, how and where to use these surfaces, how to care, and how to make the right choice. We wish you a pleasant reading, write in the comments about what else you want to know, and we will be sure to write a useful article about it.
Porcelain is a combination of quartz sand, clay, crushed granite, feldspar and ceramic pigments, crushed and pressed under high pressure and calcined at a temperature of 1200 degrees.
There are quite a few manufacturers of this material, but today we will focus on Laminam porcelain stoneware and the innovative Dekton material, which combines all the advantages of porcelain stoneware, but is an improved version of this material.
Many furniture experts, in quotation marks, say that porcelain tiles are ordinary tiles, but they are not! Porcelain tile used for countertops is not only distinguished by its large size, thickness, composition and properties, but more serious tools are needed for its processing and cutting than glass cutter and “grinder”.
Porcelain tile is quite widely used in everyday life both in the interior and in the exterior. Due to its high strength, wear resistance, resistance to mechanical, chemical and thermal damage, the use of products made of ceramic granite justifies its slightly higher cost, compared, for example, with products made of acrylic stone and quartz.
The thickness of the material can vary from 3mm to 20mm. A thickness of 3-5 mm is used for cladding furniture facades, a thickness of 10-20 mm is used for the manufacture of countertops.
In the granite countertop, you can install a hidden induction hob of various sizes, a platform for wireless charging and all kinds of remote controls for appliances in the kitchen. Also, without problems, you can install a bottom-mounted sink or make a sink from the granite itself and even slotted.
Porcelain tile, regardless of manufacturer, has a number of similar properties such as:
Chemical stability (resistance to various organic and inorganic solvents, detergents and other acid-containing agents, even the most aggressive ones).
Resistance to frost – Due to its low water absorption, porcelain stoneware is not susceptible to damage associated with low temperature.
Fire resistance – Due to the fact that porcelain tile is baked at a temperature of 1200 degrees and has a low coefficient of expansion, it doesn’t worry about household temperature changes. It does not burn in contact with fire, does not emit smoke and toxic.
Water-resistant – Due to its high density, Neolithic has almost zero water absorption. Therefore, fats, paints, and other “unpleasant” liquids can simply be erased from it, leaving no trace.
Low electrical conductivity – Porcelain stoneware is not a conductor of electricity and dampens static voltage, thereby ensuring the safety and comfort of being indoors.
Easy. Despite its density, porcelain stoneware is not a very heavy material, which reduces the load on the supporting structures and prevents the possibility of their deformation in the future. Its weight is 20 kg / sq.m. with a thickness of 10 mm.
The color scheme of porcelain tiles is created directly in the production process and is determined by two factors – the color of the starting material and coloring pigments (mainly metal oxides – a natural dye). The main feature of this process is a uniformly stained plate throughout the entire depth of the product . Therefore, during operation, especially if the surface is matte, with natural wear, the color of the product remains almost unchanged.
The surface of porcelain stoneware is not afraid of ultraviolet rays , does not fade and does not lose its external properties.
Resistance to wear – Thanks to the special production technology, porcelain stoneware is very dense and non-porous. Its hard surface makes it resistant to scratches and damage.
Bending strength (which makes this material stronger than stone, it is almost impossible to form a crack on it).
Hygiene and Antibacteriality – porcelain stoneware consists exclusively of natural materials, it does not emit any harmful substances and is completely suitable for contact with food products. Its dense structure excludes the formation of mold, penetration, and multiplication of various bacteria.
Environmental protection – Porcelain tiles comply with all European environmental safety standards. This product has been designed and manufactured in accordance with the criteria of sustainability and environmental commitment. Consisting exclusively of natural materials, it does not emit any harmful substances to the environment and is fully recyclable.
A variety of colors and shades of porcelain stoneware material is practically inexhaustible! Interior designers actively use this material in their projects. Porcelain stoneware slabs can be of perfect identical design as if cloned, and it is also possible to produce slabs that differ in the pattern of the pattern, which gives additional possibilities in its application for decoration.
It is on the decors that I would like to stop your attention – because each of the manufacturers selects its own unique collection of decors, which is impossible not to fall in love with.
Among the features of porcelain tiles you can find textures such as rusty metal, a variety of stone textures that completely repeat the natural stone, a wide range of dark and light shades, marble texture, glossy, matte, textured! And even there is a Wood Texture – which you will not find in either quartz or acrylic. Porcelain worktops look perfect in the kitchen.
For thin granite countertops, it is possible to make not only a direct bevel, but also at 45 degrees, while you can visually make a countertop of any thickness.
You can familiarize yourself with all these decors and novelties from porcelain in any of our studios.
The composition of Dekton (decton) – includes a combination of crystalline silicon dioxide, aluminum oxide, zircon, amorphous silicon oxide, and inorganic pigments, pressed in the form of plates and baked at high temperatures. In fact, it contains elements that are used for the production of porcelain stoneware, glass, and porcelain. The production mechanism of this material repeats the mechanism of the formation of natural stone in nature, only accelerated many times. In the manufacturing process, the exclusive TSP technology is used – a technological process that provides for an accelerated version of metamorphic stone changes when exposed to high pressures and temperatures for a long time.
Combining all the advantages and characteristics of porcelain stoneware in its arsenal, decton is truly an ideal option in decoration. The dimensions of the plate are 3200 x 1440 mm, they are produced in thicknesses of 8, 12 and 20 mm. The types of drawings also have a wide variety, due to the content of inorganic pigments in its composition.
The unique texture of this material is truly delightful, not only tactile, but also externally. Perfect gloss or velvety matte, textured or smooth, any decor of this stone is charming. All the beauty of this stone is truly revealed on large surfaces. This material gives special status to any project to which it is used.
But all these materials from porcelain stoneware, in spite of their composition, have the same minuses:
- Tactile – cold material;
- It does not give in to restoration;
- Fragile at the ends and in the area of the lower mounting sink;
- The presence of seams – if the texture of the stone is textured, then the seam is most often made in the form of a groove into which dirt eventually clogs;
- Heavy in processing – in order to relieve tension from the stone – it is necessary to cut at least 5 cm along the perimeter, so that during further processing the stone does not crack;
- You can not make a curly edge in its classical sense;
- The cost of porcelain stoneware is very high – not only because of the price of the material, but also because of consumables for the manufacture of countertops and equipment wear.
However, if cost is not a fundamental factor for you when choosing a material, if you are used to choosing only the best, and also want to see finishes, countertops and furniture without signs of wear in 10-15 years, then definitely, choose granite.
Porcelain stoneware is perfect for modern kitchens, from it you can make both facades and countertops creating the illusion of a solid stone island or kitchen unit.
If you are looking for a comfortable kitchen, we are always happy to help you.